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Appendix 3: Chronology of events relating to the administration of Indigenous affairs, 1 July 2009 – 30 June 2010 - Social Justice Report 2010

Social Justice Report 2010

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Appendix 3: Chronology of events relating to the
administration of Indigenous affairs, 1 July 2009 – 30 June 2010

Date
Event / summary of issue
1 July 2009
$1 billion allocated for Indigenous health programs (2009-2010)
The Australian Government
allocated approximately $1 billion for Indigenous health programs in 2009-2010.
The funds were allocated to meeting health outcomes agreed by the Council of
Australian Governments (COAG), commitments in the Northern Territory and a
series of other investments in Indigenous
health.[1]
1 July 2009
New Indigenous employment services commenced
The Australian Government
allocated $202 million to deliver employment services for Indigenous peoples
through the reformed Community Development Employment Projects (CDEP) Program,
the Community Support Service and the Indigenous Employment Program
(IEP).[2]
1 July 2009
Indigenous Employment Program panels established
Indigenous Employment
panels have been established by the Australian Government to boost employment
opportunities for Indigenous people and support enterprises which employ
Indigenous workers.[3]
2 July 2009
COAG agreement to close the gap on Indigenous disadvantage
The Council of Australian
Governments agreed to:
  • a move towards national licensing arrangements for stores in remote
    Indigenous communities
  • strict reporting requirements and timelines for states and territories, to
    measure progress towards closing the gap
  • investments in educational funding towards improving educational outcomes
    for Indigenous
    Australians.[4]
2 July 2009
‘Overcoming Indigenous Disadvantage: Key Indicators 2009’
report released
The Productivity
Commission’s report, Overcoming Indigenous Disadvantage: Key Indicators
2009
showed that the gap between Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians
remained high against most measurements of social, economic and personal
well-being. While there had been improvements in some areas, the progress in
other areas had been limited. Some indicators, such as involvement with the
criminal justice system, showed
deterioration.[5]
3 July 2009
Partnership agreement for East Kimberley development package
signed
The Australian Government
and the West Australian Government signed a partnership agreement for the East
Kimberley development package. Under the agreement, the Commonwealth allocated
$91 million to five priority areas: health infrastructure, education and
training, social housing, transport infrastructure and community
infrastructure.[6]
29 July 2009
Alice Springs town camps sign a 40-year sub-lease
The Alice Springs town
camp housing associations and the Tangentyere Council signed a 40-year sub-lease
with the Australian Government. The lease was a condition of the $138 million in
funding to improve housing and services in Alice
Springs.[7]
9 August 2009
New Indigenous languages policy announced
The Australian
Government’s national Indigenous language policy was announced, with a
focus on:
  • bringing national attention to Indigenous languages
  • encouraging the use of critically endangered languages
  • making sure that in areas where Indigenous languages are being spoken fully
    and passed on, government recognises these languages when it interacts with
    Indigenous communities
  • helping restore the use of rarely spoken or unspoken Indigenous languages
  • supporting the teaching and learning of Indigenous languages in Australian
    schools.[8]
12 August 2009
Dilak Provincial Authority formed
Indigenous leader Galarrwuy Yunupingu announced the formation of the Dilak
Provincial Authority, which represents 12 000 Yolngu people. The Authority
called for the Northern Territory Emergency Response legislation to be repealed
as a matter of urgency and for Indigenous peoples to be able to use their
resources for their own advancement.
Galarrwuy Yunupingu also urged Prime Minister Kevin Rudd to honour his
pledge to recognise Indigenous Australians as the first peoples of the country
in the Australian Constitution.[9]
17-28 August 2009
UN Special Rapporteur on Indigenous people mission to
Australia
The United Nations Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights and
fundamental freedoms of indigenous people, Professor James Anaya, conducted an
official mission to
Australia.[10]
27 August 2009
Model for a National Indigenous Representative Body proposed
The Aboriginal and Torres
Strait Islander Social Justice Commissioner presented the report, Our future
in our hands
, to the Australian Government.
The report outlines a proposed model for a National Indigenous
Representative Body as developed by the Steering Committee.
The report proposes that the representative body: independent of
government; have an equal number of men and women in leadership positions; and
rely on strict ethical standards.
The model proposes that there be a selection process for delegate positions
on the three-chambered National Congress and a second selection process to
become a National Executive member.
The body should be a private company limited by guarantee and funded by the
Australian Government on a recurrent basis for an initial five-year period,
subject to negotiation thereafter. The report recommended that the body be
granted Deductible Gift Recipient status as a matter of urgency to enable the
body to raise corporate support and
donations.[11]
28 August 2009
Best Practice Guidelines endorsed at Native Title Ministers’
Meeting
Federal, state and
territory Native Title Ministers endorsed the Guidelines for Best Practice in
Flexible and Sustainable Agreement Making.
The Guidelines aim to provide
practical guidance to governments on the behaviours, attitudes and practices
that can achieve the efficient resolution of native title
claims.[12]
30 August 2009
Indigenous Young People, Crime and Justice Conference
The Indigenous Young
People, Crime and Justice Conference was hosted by the Australian Institute of
Criminology in partnership with the NSW Commission for Children and Young
People, the NSW Department of Justice and Attorney General and the Australian
Human Rights Commission.
The conference discussed effective strategies to tackle the
over-representation of Indigenous young people in the criminal justice system.
The Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Social Justice Commissioner emphasised
the importance of focusing on prevention and diversion, rather than detention,
in dealing with crime.[13]
31 August 2009
Review Report on the NT Strategic Indigenous Housing and Infrastructure
Program (SIHIP) released
The
review report for the Strategic Indigenous Housing and Infrastructure Program
(SIHIP) found that while the program is sound in many respects, changes need to
be made to ensure that the program meets the targeted figures of new houses and
housing improvements.
The Australian and Northern Territory Governments accepted all findings and
recommendations of the report.[14]
10 September 2009
Three Indigenous communities in the NT signed 40-year lease agreements
under SIHIP
The Northern Territory
communities of Maningrida, Gunbalanya and Wadeye signed forty-year leases with
the Australian Government.
The signing of the leases was a condition of the agreement to construct new
houses in these communities. 105 houses will be built in Wadeye, 109 houses in
Maningrida and 62 houses in
Gunbalanya.[15]
18 September 2009
Native Title Amendment Act 2009 (Cth) commenced
The Native Title Amendment Act 2009 (Cth) commenced. The
amendments included:
  • giving the Federal Court a central role in managing native title claims
  • enabling the Court to rely on a statement of facts agreed between
    parties
  • allowing the Court to make orders about matters beyond native title
  • allowing the Court to use recent changes in evidence laws to make it easier
    to receive evidence of traditional laws and
    customs.[16]
18 September 2009
Queensland trial of the School Enrolment and Attendance Measure (SEAM)
announced
Around 2000 parents
receiving income support in the trial sites will be required, if requested, to
demonstrate to Centrelink that their children are enrolled in school. The
parents will also be required to demonstrate that they are taking reasonable
steps to make sure their children attend school regularly. Parents who fail to
do so may have their income payments suspended until the problem is
resolved.
Thirty schools will be involved in this measure across the Logan suburbs of
Woodridge, Kingston, Logan Central and Eagleby, and the communities of Doomadgee
and Mornington.[17]
24 September 2009
The Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Healing Foundation’s
report accepted by the Australian Government and the Interim Board is
established.
The Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Healing Foundation team presented
their report Voices from the Campfires: Establishing the Aboriginal and
Torres Strait Islander Healing Foundation
to the Australian Government.
Public consultations to develop a model for the Foundation were held from
May to August 2009. The outcomes of the consultations and the recommendations
for a model were produced in the report. All of the recommendations were
accepted by the Australian Government.
The Minister for Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous
Affairs announced the formation of an Interim Board to work on the establishment
of the Foundation, including: drafting its constitution, arranging its
incorporation and conducting a national recruitment process to appoint the
Foundation’s Inaugural
Board.[18]
28 September 2009
Agreement signed for return of the remains of five Indigenous
Australians
The Australian
Government and Leiden University Medical Center (LUMC) signed an agreement for
the return from the Netherlands to Australia of the remains of five Indigenous
Australians.
The remains of two ancestors were to be handed over to two elders of the
Bundjalung community in the Northern Rivers region of NSW during a ceremony in
Leiden.
The remains of three other Indigenous Australians will be returned to the
National Museum of Australia in Canberra where further examination will be
undertaken to ascertain their
origins.[19]
30 September 2009
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Healing Foundation incorporated
The Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Healing Foundation was
incorporated as a private company. It is an Indigenous-controlled organisation
established to support community healing initiatives to address the traumatic
legacies of forced removal and other past government
policies.[20]
30 September 2009
National Human Rights Consultation Report presented to the
Attorney-General
The National Human Rights Consultation Committee delivered its report to
the Attorney-General. In addition to recommending human rights education and a
national Human Rights Act, the report recommended:
  • A ‘statement of impact on Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander
    peoples’ be provided to the federal Parliament when the intent is to
    legislate exclusively for those peoples, to suspend the Racial Discrimination
    Act 1975
    (Cth) or to institute a special measure.
  • In partnership with Indigenous communities, the Australian Government
    develop and implement a framework for self-determination, outlining consultation
    protocols, roles and responsibilities (so that the communities have meaningful
    control over their affairs) and strategies for increasing Indigenous
    Australians’ participation in the institutions of democratic
    government.
  • The definition of ‘human rights’ in the Australian Human
    Rights Commission Act 1986
    (Cth) be expanded to include the United
    Nations
    Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous
    Peoples
    .[21]
14 October 2009
High Court refuses leave to appeal in FMG Pilbara case
The High Court refused special leave to appeal the decision of the Full
Federal Court in FMG Pilbara Pty Ltd v Cox (2009) 175 FCR
141.[22]
The Full Federal Court had found that, regardless of the stage reached in
negotiations, all the Native Title Act 1993 (Cth) requires is that the
parties negotiate in good faith about the doing of the future act during a six
month period. Once that time expires, a future act determination can be sought
from the National Native Title Tribunal. The Full Federal Court also considered
that the obligation to negotiate in good faith had been discharged in this
case.
21 October 2009
Native Title Amendment Bill (No. 2) 2009 (Cth) introduced in
Parliament
The Native Title Amendment Bill (No. 2) 2009 (Cth) was introduced
into Parliament. The Bill proposed to create a new future act process to
facilitate the construction of public housing and infrastructure in communities
on Indigenous-held land.[23]
22 October 2009
Kowanyama consent determination
Justice Greenwood of the Federal Court finalised part of the Kowanyama
people’s claimant application through a consent determination. The
determination area covers 2730 square kilometres and includes part of the claim
area subject to the Kowanyama Deed of Grant in Trust (DOGIT) and a coastal
strip. The Kowanyama people were granted exclusive native title rights over the
former area and non-exclusive rights over the latter.
23 October 2009
International Repatriation Advisory Committee appointed
The Australian
Government appointed an International Repatriation Advisory Committee. The
Committee will give expert advice to the Australian Government on the return of
Indigenous remains to Australia from different parts of the
world.[24]
29 October 2009
Remote Indigenous Land and Infrastructure Office established in
QLD
The Queensland
Government created the Remote Indigenous Land and Infrastructure Office to
accelerate Indigenous housing construction. The Office will deliver
infrastructure projects to the communities of Mornington Island, Doomadgee,
Aurukun and Hopevale.
The Office will negotiate with councils to secure 40-year leases over
land.[25]
30 October 2009
National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Social Survey 2008
(NATSISS) released
The National Aboriginal
and Torres Strait Islander Social Survey 2008 (NATSISS) drew on responses
from approximately 10 000 Indigenous Australians. It provides a snapshot of the
well-being of the Indigenous population by reporting on Indigenous
peoples’ educational attainment, work, health and cultural
lives.[26]
6 November 2009
National Framework on Indigenous Law and Justice Issues agreed
Commonwealth,
state and territory governments agreed to a National Framework on Indigenous Law
and Justice Issues. The Framework aims to reduce the over-representation of
Indigenous peoples in the criminal justice system by focusing on community
safety strategies and reducing rates of alcohol and substance-related
crime.[27]
20 November 2009
QLD Crime and Misconduct Commission recommended a new Indigenous police
command
The Crime and Misconduct Commission (CMC) issued its report on policing in
Indigenous communities. The review was held in response to the death in custody
of Palm Island man Cameron Doomadgee.
The CMC recommended the establishment of a new Indigenous police command
and greater control at the local
level.[28]
22 November 2009
New National Congress of Australia's First Peoples announced
The new national Indigenous representative body will be called the National
Congress of Australia's First Peoples.
This announcement followed confirmation by the Australian Government that
it had accepted the recommendations of the Steering Committee’s report, Our Future in Our Hands, and had agreed to provide initial funding for
the body until December
2013.[29]
23 November 2009
Report on the Northern Territory Emergency Response Redesign
Consultations released
The
Australian Government’s report on the Northern Territory Emergency
Response Redesign Consultation
detailed findings of the consultations
conducted by the Government from June to August 2009.
Several thousand people attended more than 500 meetings and workshops
covering 73 remote Northern Territory communities and town camps. The feedback
reflected a broad range of views, including some strong opposition to aspects of
the Northern Territory Emergency
Response.[30]
23 November – 4 December 2009
UN Special Rapporteur on health visited Australia
The United Nations Special Rapporteur on the right of everyone to the
enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health
conducted an official mission to Australia.
25 November 2009
Jabiru native title claim settled
The Australian and
Northern Territory Governments and the Mirarr Traditional Owners reached an
agreement to recognise Mirarr traditional ownership of land through a grant
under the Northern Territory Aboriginal Land Rights Act 1976 (Cth), with
an immediate 99-year leaseback of the Jabiru township to the Executive Director
of Township Leasing. The claim, situated within the world heritage listed Kakadu
National Park, was the longest-running native title claim in the Northern
Territory.[31]
25 November 2009
Northern Territory Emergency Response (NTER) reform Bills introduced in
Parliament
The Australian Government introduced the following Bills in Parliament in
order to redesign the Northern Territory Emergency Response (NTER):
  • Social Security and Other Legislation Amendment (Welfare Reform and
    Reinstatement of Racial Discrimination Act) Bill 2009 (Cth)
  • Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs and Other
    Legislation Amendment (2009 Measures) Bill 2009
    (Cth).[32]
The
Government states that several of the NTER measures have been redesigned so they
are:
  • improved and strengthened
    • sustainable over the long-term
    • ‘more clearly special measures or non-discriminatory within the terms
      of the Racial Discrimination Act
      1975
      ’.[33]
26 November 2009
Senate Inquiry into Bills to reform of the NTER commenced
The Senate Community Affairs Committee commenced its Inquiry into the
following Bills:
  • Social Security and Other Legislation Amendment (Welfare Reform and
    Reinstatement of Racial Discrimination Act) Bill 2009 (Cth)
  • Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs and Other
    Legislation Amendment (2009 Measures) Bill 2009 (Cth)
  • Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs and Other
    Legislation Amendment (Restoration of Racial Discrimination Act) Bill 2009 (Cth)
    [introduced by Senator Siewert].
27 November 2009
Alice Springs Town Camp Housing Associations agreed to sub-lease with
the Australian Government
The Tangentyere Council
agreed to the terms and conditions for the sub-lease of their Special Purposes
Leases offered by the Australian
Government.[34]
4 December 2009
Coordinator General for Remote Indigenous Services’ first
Six-Month Report released
The Coordinator General
for Remote Indigenous Services released his first Six-Month
Report.[35] The report
contained findings on progress being made in delivering essential services to
people living in 29 priority Indigenous locations across Australia.
7 December 2009
COAG agreed to renegotiate Indigenous housing arrangements
The Council of
Australian Governments (COAG) agreed to the renegotiation of the National
Partnership Agreement on Remote Indigenous Housing, with a view to a
renegotiated agreement coming into effect by July 2010.
The renegotiation will enable a more competitive process for allocation of
funding by the Commonwealth for capital works and provide strong incentives for
the state governments and the Northern Territory Government to progress the
construction of new housing, repairs and maintenance in remote Indigenous
communities over the remaining eight years of the National Partnership
Agreement.[36]
17 December 2009
Historic Heads of Agreement signed for Noongar native title
claims
The West Australia
Government signed a Heads of Agreement with the South West Aboriginal Land and
Sea Council outlining a framework for the resolution of the Noongar
People’s active native
claims.[37]
18 December 2009
Maralinga lands handed back to Traditional Owners
The Australian Government
handed the Maralinga lands back to the Traditional Owners, 50 years after the
British Nuclear Tests program made parts of it uninhabitable. The damage to the
lands required many years of extensive rehabilitation work. Under the Maralinga
Maintenance Deed, the Australian Government will provide $6 million for the
maintenance and improvement of infrastructure on the lands for community
use.[38]
4 January 2010
Ethics Council of the National Congress of Australia’s First
Peoples appointed
The Inaugural Ethics Council consists of six Indigenous members, Mr Tom
Calma, Professor Larissa Behrendt, Mr Wesley Enoch, Ms Mary Graham, Ms Nalwarri
Ngurruwutthun and Professor Lester Irabinna Rigney.
The Ethics Council will be responsible for developing and maintaining
standards for the new Congress. The Ethics Council and the Steering Committee
will finalise the interim National Executive to lead the organisation through
its development phase in
2010.[39]
8 February 2010
Wild Rivers (Environmental Management) Bill 2010 [No 1] (Cth) introduced
into the House of Representatives
The Wild Rivers (Environmental Management) Bill 2010 [No 1] (Cth), a
private member’s bill, was tabled by the Leader of the Opposition Tony
Abbott, in the House of Representatives. The Bill would provide that ‘the
development or use of native title land in a wild river area cannot be regulated
under the relevant Queensland legislation unless the Aboriginal traditional
owners of the land
agree’.[40].Mr Abbott referred
to the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples when introducing the Bill.[41]
11 February 2010
Ten new Indigenous mothers and babies health services
announced
The
Prime Minister announced $9.1 million funding for ten new Indigenous mothers and
babies health services. These services are in addition to the existing 43
services.[42]
11 February 2010
Government Ambassador for Business Action appointed
The Australian Government
appointed Colin Carter as Ambassador for Business Action to encourage private
businesses to participate in the economic development of Indigenous communities.
The Ambassador will lead the Government’s effort to promote
Indigenous employment in the private
sector.[43]
12 February
2010
Prime Minister delivered his ‘Closing the Gap Report 2010’.
The Prime Minister, Kevin Rudd delivered his second Closing the Gap
statement to Parliament. The report reviewed progress against the six COAG
targets set in 2008 in the areas of life expectancy, mortality rates, education,
health and employment.[44]
The Close the Gap Coalition for Indigenous Health Equality also released
its inaugural Shadow Report on the Australian Government's progress towards
closing the gap in life expectancy between Indigenous and non-Indigenous
Australians.[45]
17 February 2010
Australia’s first National Coordinator for Tackling Indigenous
Smoking appointed
Tom Calma was appointed
as the National Coordinator for Tackling Indigenous Smoking. The National
Coordinator will lead and mentor the tackling smoking workforce being
established under the Australian Government’s $100 million COAG Tackling
Smoking initiative to reduce the incidence of tobacco smoking in Indigenous
communities.[46]
23 February 2010
Wild Rivers (Environmental Management) Bill 2010 [No 2] (Cth) introduced and referred to Committee
The Wild Rivers (Environmental Management) Bill 2010 [No. 2] (Cth) was introduced into the Senate by Nigel Scullion. The Bill is identical to
the Bill introduced into the House of Representatives by Leader of the
Opposition, Tony Abbott, on 8 February 2010.
The Senate referred the Wild Rivers (Environmental Management) Bill 2010
[No. 2] (Cth) to the Senate Legal and Constitutional Affairs Legislation
Committee.
24 February 2010
Senate Committee reports on the Native Title Amendment Bill (No 2) 2009
(Cth)
The Senate Legal and Constitutional Affairs Legislation Committee
recommended that the Bill be amended to include the provision of staff housing
as part of the new future acts process. Subject to this recommendation, the
Committee recommended that the Bill be
passed.[47]
25 February 2010
Queensland Constitution recognises Indigenous peoples as First Peoples
Queensland became the
second state after Victoria to recognise Indigenous peoples in the state
constitution.[48]
25 February 2010
WA Government and Yawuru Traditional Owners signed two ILUAs
The Yawuru People
signed two Indigenous Land Use Agreements (ILUAs) with the State of Western
Australia and the Shire of Broome. These agreements are considered to be the
largest native title agreements in
Australia.[49]
26 February 2010
National Centre of Indigenous Excellence opened
The Prime Minister
officially opened the $50 million National Centre of Indigenous Excellence in
Sydney.
Created with the support of the Indigenous Land Corporation, the centre
provides facilities in sports, education and the arts for up to 5000 young
Indigenous people from around Australia every
year.[50]
1 March 2010
Queensland Court of Appeal dismissed appeal in Aurukun case
The Queensland Court of
Appeal dismissed an appeal by the Aurukun and Kowanyama Aboriginal Shire
Councils in relation to amendments made to the Liquor Act 1992 (Qld)
prohibiting local councils from holding commercial hotel licences.
The Court of Appeal held that the Queensland Act does not breach the Racial Discrimination Act 1975 (Cth).[51]
9 March 2010
UN Special Rapporteur on Indigenous People’s report on Australia
released
The United Nations Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights and
fundamental freedoms of indigenous people released his report on his mission to
Australia.
The report commended the Government of Australia for the advancements made
in recent years, in particular through its National Apology, its support for the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples and its
campaign to improve the living conditions of Indigenous Australians.
The report, however, noted that Indigenous peoples continue to be denied
effective control of their lands and other resources and Indigenous institutions
sometimes suffered disempowerment as a result of high levels of state control.
The Special Rapporteur singled out the Northern Territory Emergency
Response as a policy that had problematic features from a human rights
standpoint. In particular, the Special Rapporteur expressed concern in relation
to compulsory income management, compulsory acquisition of Aboriginal land, the
assertion of extensive powers by the Commonwealth Government over Aboriginal
communities, and alcohol and pornography restrictions in prescribed areas.
While the Rapporteur encouraged the Australian Government’s efforts
in addressing Indigenous disadvantage, he emphasised the need for government
initiatives to better embrace the goals of advancing Indigenous
self-determination.[52]
9 March 2010
National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Women’s Alliance
formed
The Minister for
Indigenous Affairs and Minister for the Status of Women announced the
establishment of the National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander
Women’s Alliance at a meeting of 55 Indigenous women leaders in Canberra
organised by Oxfam.
This alliance of Indigenous women and their organisations from across the
country will work with the Australian Government on policy issues to develop a
more informed and representative dialogue with the
Government.[53]
11 March 2010
Voluntary Indigenous Australian Art Commercial Code of Conduct opened
for signature
The Australian
Government established the Voluntary Indigenous Australian Art Commercial Code
of Conduct. The Code will provide a national set of standards for transactions
between agents, artists and dealers in the Indigenous visual arts
industry.[54]
15 March 2010
Senate Inquiry on NTER reform Bills, recommended Government Bills
be passed
The Senate Community Affairs Committee completed its Inquiry into Bills
reforming the Northern Territory Emergency Response. The committee received 95
submissions.
The Committee recommended that the two Government Bills be passed.
Dissenting reports were made by the Coalition Senators and the Australian Greens
Senator.[55]
16 March 2010
Two Indigenous scholars selected for Charles Perkins Scholarship to attend Oxford University
Two Indigenous scholars were selected to receive the inaugural Charles
Perkins Scholarship to attend post-graduate studies at Oxford University.
The scholarships honour the contribution of Dr Charles Perkins, the first
Indigenous Australian to graduate from
university.[56]
17 March 2010
Independent, quality assurance team for SIHIP announced
The Australian
Government announced that a new independent, expert, quality assurance team will
be established to inspect and assess new houses and refurbishments delivered
under the Strategic Indigenous Housing and Infrastructure Program (SIHIP) in the
Northern Territory.[57]
18 March 2010
Full Federal Court finds in favour of the native title claims of the
Bardi and Jawi peoples in WA
The Full Federal Court of Australia found in favour of the Bardi and Jawi
people in their appeal against the State of Western Australia. The native title
claims are over the Dampier Peninsula, the islands in the Buccaneer Archipelago
and surrounding offshore areas in the Kimberley region, Western
Australia.[58]
22 March 2010
Appeal to the Trevorrow case on Stolen Generations was
dismissed
The full court of the
South Australia Supreme Court dismissed an appeal by the South Australian
Government against an award of $775 000 in compensation to a member of the
Stolen Generations, Mr Bruce Trevorrow.
The Court upheld the ruling that the government was negligent in its
treatment of Mr Trevorrow, who was taken away from his parents as a child 50
years ago.[59]
24 March 2010
Indigenous Water Policy launched
Indigenous water experts from across Northern Australia convened at
Parliament House in Darwin to deliver an Indigenous water policy statement.
The policy statement was developed by the North Australian Indigenous Land
and Sea Management Alliance (NAILSMA) through the Indigenous Water Policy Group
(IWPG).
The policy statement outlines the terms on which Indigenous people want to
be engaged in the development of water policies. The policy position builds on
the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples as
well as other statements relating to water reform, such as the Garma
International Indigenous Water Declaration and the Mary River
Statement.[60]
12 April 2010
Indigenous Human Rights Network Australia (IHRNA) launched
A
new online network for Indigenous human rights advocates called the Indigenous
Human Rights Network Australia (IHRNA) was launched.
IHRNA allows Aboriginal
and Torres Strait Islander human rights advocates to increase their access to
information, share best practices in promoting human rights, and strengthen
their participation in human rights processes.
IHRNA is hosted by the Australian Human Rights Commission, funded by Oxfam
Australia and supported by the Diplomacy Training Program, University of New
South Wales.[61]
20 April 2010
COAG agreed to establish a new National Health and Hospitals
Network
The Council of Australian Governments (COAG), with the exception of Western
Australia, reached an historic agreement on the establishment of a National
Health and Hospitals Network.
The reforms shift the emphasis in the health system from hospital-based
care to the prevention and early detection of illness in primary health care
settings. This shift has the potential to benefit Aboriginal and Torres Strait
Islander people, who currently present at hospitals with late-stage illness at
significantly higher rates than other Australians.
Under these reforms, the Australian Government will become the dominant
funder of public hospitals and fund 60% of building, equipment, teaching,
training and services.[62] Hospitals
and health services will be organised and managed on a regional basis and Local
Hospital Networks will be established to that end.
The Australian Government
also assumed 100% funding responsibility for primary health care and aged care.
Medical Locals (largely based on the divisions of general practice) will be
established in each region to coordinate the delivery of primary health care. It
is anticipated that Aboriginal Medical Services, including community controlled
services, will be the Medicare Local in regions where there are a high
proportion of Indigenous residents, or in areas otherwise not serviced by
general practitioners.
From 1 July 2010, the Australian Government will deliver $5.3 billion in
additional funding over the next four years. A third of state and territory GST
revenue (except WA) will be retained by the Commonwealth and allocated to health
and hospitals reform.[63]
21 April 2010
Australian Government launched a Human Rights Framework
The Human Rights
Framework is the Australian Government’s response to the findings and
recommendations of the National Human Rights Consultation.
The Framework sets out five key principles and focuses, which are:
  • reaffirming a commitment to Australia’s human rights obligations
  • the importance of human rights education
  • enhancing Australia’s domestic and international engagement on human
    rights issues
  • improving human rights protections, including greater parliamentary scrutiny
  • achieving greater respect for human rights principles within the
    community.
The Government committed to actions for the practical
implementation of the Framework, which included:
  • investing over $12 million in a comprehensive suite of education initiatives
  • establishing a new Parliamentary Joint Committee on Human Rights
  • requiring that each new Bill introduced into Parliament is accompanied by a
    statement of compatibility with Australia’s international human rights
    obligations
  • combining federal anti-discrimination laws into a single Act
  • creating an annual NGO Human Rights
    Forum.[64]
22 April 2010
South Australian Government interested in negotiated settlement for
Stolen Generations compensation claims
The South Australian
Attorney-General raised the possibility of a negotiated settlement for
compensation claims by Stolen Generations members.
He rejected the idea of a compensation tribunal to deal with the 100
potential compensation claim
cases.[65]
30 April 2010
First Australian Indigenous woman elected to the United Nations
Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues
Ms Megan Davis is the
first Australian Indigenous woman elected to the United Nations Permanent Forum
on Indigenous Issues.
Ms Davis was nominated to the position by the Australian Government but she
serves on the Forum as an independent expert. It was the first time the
Australian Government had nominated an Indigenous woman to a UN
body.[66]
2 May 2010
National Congress of Australia’s First Peoples
established
The
National Congress of Australia’s First Peoples was officially launched in
Sydney.
The organisation has been incorporated. Kerry Arabena and Sam Jeffries were
appointed as the inaugural Co-Chairs of the organisation. The Directors of the
company and members of the National Executive has also been
appointed.[67]
7 May 2010
Healing Foundation announced its inaugural funding round
The
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Healing Foundation announced its inaugural
funding round of $2 million for local community-led healing projects.
Grants will be available for local projects such as:
  • cultural renewal through connecting with culture, language and country
  • the development of healing centres and community healing plans
  • using song, dance, drama and art as part of the healing process
  • group and individual counselling, as well as traditional healing methods
  • drug and alcohol recovery projects
  • anger management and family violence
    projects.[68]
11 May 2010
Indigenous-specific spending announced in 2010-2011 federal budget
The Indigenous-specific
budget allocations announced in the 2010-2011 federal budget included:
  • community safety ($104.3 million)
  • employment ($49.9 million)
  • education and early childhood ($74.8 million)
  • housing ($62.9 million)
  • flexible remote service delivery ($46 million)
  • Indigenous broadcasting ($15.2 million)
  • Indigenous legal assistance services ($34.9
    million).[69]
12 May 2010
Construction of Alice Springs’ accommodation park begins
Construction on an $11
million accommodation park in Alice Springs began. The accommodation park is
expected to provide safe, short-term accommodation for up to 150 Indigenous
people, particularly families with children and older people who visit the town.
Aboriginal Hostels Limited will manage the park for the first two years of
operation.[70]
13 May 2010
Gregory National Park returned to Traditional Owners
The Australian
Government returned Gregory National Park and Gregory’s Tree Historical
Reserve in the Northern Territory to the Traditional Owners.
This was in accordance with the 2004 landmark agreement in which
Traditional Owners, and the Northern Territory and Australian governments agreed
that the land will be scheduled as Aboriginal freehold land under the Aboriginal Land Rights (Northern Territory) Act 1976 (Cth) and will be
leased back to the Northern Territory for 99 years for use as a national
park.[71]
13 May 2010
Senate Inquiry declared there is a crisis in Indigenous hearing
health
The Senate Community
Affairs Committee released its inquiry report, Hear us: Inquiry into Hearing
Health in Australia
.
The report declared there is a crisis in Indigenous ear and hearing health
in Australia. Indigenous Australians are far more likely to experience hearing
impairment than non-Indigenous Australians. The report discussed the real and
potential effects of hearing impairment as additional and particular barriers
for access to education, employment and the justice system for Indigenous
people.
The report contained specific recommendations to improve the hearing health
of Indigenous Australians.[72]
14 May 2010
Research showed no beneficial link between income management and
consumption patterns
The Menzies School of
Health Research found that the income management scheme introduced under the
Northern Territory Emergency Response (NTER) has had no beneficial effect on the
sales of tobacco, cigarettes, soft drink, fruit or vegetable sales. The findings
challenge assertions that income management leads to healthy eating and
lifestyles.[73]
20 May 2010
National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Women’s Health
Strategy developed
The Australian
Women’s Health Network (AWHN) and Aboriginal Women’s Talking Circle
developed a National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Women’s Health
Strategy that seeks to address the gap between Indigenous and non-Indigenous
women’s health.[74]
24 May 2010
Plan to boost Indigenous businesses announced
The Australian
Government announced a new strategy and action plan to support Indigenous
businesses. The support will be in the form of:
  • financial support for state and regional Indigenous chambers of
    commerce
  • a new business advisory group to provide direct, expert advice on business
    support and policies that will support growth in the
    sector.[75]
25 May 2010
Rental payments for leases under the Northern Territory Emergency
Response commenced
The Australian
Government started paying rent to Aboriginal land owners in 45 of the 64
communities subject to five-year leases made under the Northern Territory
Emergency Response.
The rent payments are backdated to the commencement of the leases in
2007.[76]
26 May 2010
Stolen Generations Working Partnership announced
The Australian
Government announced the Stolen Generations Working Partnership.
The Partnership outlines the Government’s approach to addressing the
immediate and practical needs of the members of the Stolen Generations.
Priorities identified in the paper include:
  • improving the service members of the Stolen Generations receive from
    mainstream and Indigenous services
  • ensuring appropriate diagnosis and pathways to care for members of the
    Stolen Generations experiencing social and emotional wellbeing issues
  • recording oral histories and other ways to honour members of the Stolen
    Generations’ resilience and educate the broader community
  • creating places of belonging and acceptance and maintaining connection with
    other members of the Stolen Generations
  • as part of the National Indigenous Law and Justice Framework supporting
    members of the Stolen Generations and their children who are in prison, both pre
    and post-release.[77]
28 May 2010
$1.4 million funding for native title anthropologists
announced
The Attorney-General announced that $1.4 million will be invested to
attract more anthropologists to work on native
title.[78]
28 May 2010
$1.8 million for Indigenous hearing health in NT announced
The Australian Deputy Prime Minister, the Minister for Indigenous Health
and the Northern Territory Minister for Central Australia jointly announced $1.8
million in funding for improving the hearing health of Indigenous people in the
Northern Territory. The funds are for:
  • follow-up hearing checks and treatment of ear disease for more than 600
    children
  • testing that will help address middle ear infection
  • visits by audiologists to more than 22 communities that have been equipped
    with hearing booths
  • five additional hearing case managers in regional teams in Central
    Australia, Barkly, Top End Central, Top End West and East Arnhem
  • four additional local community hearing workers to service Gunbalanya,
    Angurugu, Umbakumba, Gapuwiyak, Maningrida and
    Millingimbi.[79]
4 June 2010
Wild rivers declaration made
The Queensland Government made the Wenlock Basin Wild River Declaration.
This creates a framework for the regulation of the use and development of the
land and waters within the declared
area.[80]
7 June 2010
Report of the UN Special Rapporteur on health’s visit to
Australia released
The Special Rapporteur on the right of everyone to the enjoyment of the
highest attainable standard of physical and mental health released his report on
his 2009 mission to Australia.
The Report noted that Indigenous Australians continue to experience
significantly poorer health outcomes compared to other Australians, as well as
disparities in the social determinants of health such as housing, education,
income, and economic, political and social participation.
The Rapporteur commended the Australian Government’s efforts at
closing the gap in the area of health, but noted that there are still government
policies and practices that violate the human rights of Indigenous peoples. He
singled out the Northern Territory Emergency Response as one such policy. He
recommendations included that:
  • the RDA be fully restored
  • Indigenous Australians be given full constitutional protection and
    acknowledgement
  • the right to health be incorporated into a national health policy
  • legislative guarantees for the full involvement of Indigenous representative
    bodies in decisions affecting Indigenous peoples
  • adequate resources for improving the health of Indigenous peoples in all
    parts of Australia.[81]
8 June 2010
Legal action on Wild Rivers commenced
The Cape York Land Council filed a writ with the High Court of Australia
challenging the validity of three wild river declarations on Cape York under the Racial Discrimination Act 1975 (Cth) and the Native Title Act 1993
(Cth).
9 June 2010
$42 million for Indigenous culture and heritage projects
Funding will be distributed to 380 Indigenous culture and heritage projects
through five programs, which include the:
  • National Arts and Crafts Industry Support (NACIS) Program which provides
    funding for Indigenous art centres and art support organisations
  • Indigenous Culture Support (ICS) Program which helps to maintain Indigenous
    culture through community involvement, transmission of knowledge and skills
    across generations and support of new forms of cultural expression.
  • Maintenance of Indigenous Languages and Records (MILR) Program
  • Indigenous Broadcasting Program (IBP)
  • Indigenous Heritage Program (IHP) which supports the identification,
    conservation and promotion of Indigenous heritage places important to Aboriginal
    and Torres Strait Islander
    people.[82]
15 June 2010
National Parks and Wildlife Amendment Act 2010 (NSW) receives assent
The Act makes significant changes to the Aboriginal heritage provisions of
the National Parks and Wildlife Act 1974 (NSW),including:
  • new offences and increased penalties for harm to Aboriginal places and
    objects
  • introduction of wide range of defences
  • new processes concerning Aboriginal Heritage Impact
    Permits.[83]
21 June 2010
Legislation reforming the Northern Territory Emergency Response passed
by Parliament.
The Social Security and Other Legislation Amendment (Welfare Reform and
Reinstatement of the Racial Discrimination Act) Bill 2009 was passed by
Parliament.
The new legislation retains the income management scheme of the previous
legislation but seeks to avoid the conflict with RDA by introducing new criteria
that are independent of race or ethnicity of potential subjects of the scheme.
The new legislation has also retained aspects of the previous NTER
legislation such as alcohol and pornography restrictions; the ability to
compulsorily acquire five-year leases; community store licensing and law
enforcement powers. However, the Government has sought to redesign these
measures in order to make them qualify as special measures authorised under the
RDA.[84]
The amendments do not completely reinstate the RDA and the legislation is
only a first step in the restoration of full protections for the affected
communities.[85]
22 June 2010
Wild Rivers (Environmental Management) Bill 2010 [No. 2] (Cth)
passed by the Senate.
The Senate Legal and Constitutional Affairs Legislation Committee reported
on its Inquiry into the Wild Rivers (Environmental Management) Bill 2010 [No. 2]
(Cth). The Committee recommended that the Senate not pass the Bill.
The Senate passed the Wild Rivers (Environmental Management) Bill 2010 [No.
2] (Cth) on the same day.
28 June 2010
Close the Gap - Making it Happen’ national workshop held
TheClose the Gap - Making it Happen’ national
workshop brought together key Indigenous and non-Indigenous health peak bodies
and experts from across Australia's non-government and government sectors.
The workshop focused on ways to bring to fruition the Australian
Government’s commitments to Close the Gap, particularly the development of
a long-term national action plan developed in partnership with Aboriginal and
Torres Strait Islander
peoples.[86]

 

^Top


[1] Department of Health and
Ageing, ‘Health Care Boost for Indigenous Australians’ (Media
Release, 1 July 2009). At http://www.health.gov.au/internet/ministers/publishing.nsf/Content/mr-yr09-ws-ws006.htm?OpenDocument&yr=2009&mth=7 (viewed 5 May 2010).
[2] The Hon J
Macklin MP, Minister for Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous
Affairs, ‘Greater employment opportunities for Indigenous
Australians’ (Media Release, 1 July 2007). At http://www.jennymacklin.fahcsia.gov.au/mediareleases/2009/Pages/employ_opportunities_indigenous_aust_01jul09.aspx (viewed 4 May 2010).
[3] Senator
The Hon M Arbib, Minister for Employment Participation, ‘Tender results
for panels under Indigenous Employment Program’ (Media Release, 1 July
2009). At http://www.deewr.gov.au/Ministers/Arbib/Media/Releases/Pages/Article_090701_162643.aspx (viewed 26 May 2010).
[4] The Hon
J Macklin MP, Minister for Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous
Affairs, ‘Closing the Gap between Indigenous and non-Indigenous
Australians’ (Media Release, 2 July 2009). At http://www.jennymacklin.fahcsia.gov.au/internet/jennymacklin.nsf/content/closing_the_gap_02july09.htm (viewed 27 April 2010).
[5] Productivity Commission, ‘Overcoming Indigenous Disadvantage: Key
Indicators’ (Media Release, 2 July 2009). At http://www.pc.gov.au/gsp/reports/indigenous/keyindicators2009/media-release (viewed 30 April 2010).
[6] The
Hon K Rudd MP, Prime Minister, ‘Governments sign agreement for East
Kimberley’ (Media Release, 3 July 2009). At http://www.pm.gov.au/node/5063 (viewed
30 April 2010).
[7]The Hon J Macklin MP,
Minister for Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs,
‘Agreement on Alice Springs Transformation Plan’ (Media Release, 29
July 2009). At http://www.jennymacklin.fahcsia.gov.au/mediareleases/2009/Pages/alice_springs_transformation_plan_29jul09.aspx (viewed 11 May 2010).
[8] The Hon
J Macklin MP, Minister for Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous
Affairs and Minister for the Environment Heritage and the Arts, ‘New
national approach to preserve Indigenous languages’ (Joint Media Release,
9 August 2009). At http://www.alrrc.nsw.gov.au/default.aspx?nav_id=217 (viewed 11 May 2010).
[9] ‘NT Intervention creating misery: Yunupingu’, ABC Indigenous News
Online, 12 August 2009. At http://www.internationalbenchmarking.org/news/stories/2009/08/12/2653839.htm?site=indigenous&topic=latest (viewed 8 June 2010).
[10] J
Anaya, Statement of the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights
and fundamental freedoms of indigenous people, James Anaya, as he concludes his
visit to Australia
(2009). At http://www.ohchr.org/EN/NewsEvents/Pages/DisplayNews.aspx?NewsID=53&LangID=E (viewed 8 June 2010).
[11] Australian Human Rights Commission, ‘Radical new approach announced for
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Affairs’ (Media Release, 27 August
2009). At http://www.humanrights.gov.au/about/media/media_releases/2009/80_09.html (viewed 29 April 2010).
[12] Native Title Ministers’ Meeting, Communiqué (28 August
2009). At http://www.attorneygeneral.gov.au/www/ministers/mcclelland.nsf/Page/MediaReleases_2009_ThirdQuarter_28August2009-Communique-NativeTitleMinistersMeeting (viewed 10 May 2010).
[13] Australian Human Rights Commission, ‘Getting Indigenous youth out of the
criminal justice system’ (Media Release, 30 August 2009). At http://www.humanrights.gov.au/about/media/media_releases/2009/82_09.html (viewed 24 May 2010).
[14] The
Hon J Macklin MP, Minister of Families, Housing, Community Services and
Indigenous Affairs, ‘Improving Indigenous Housing in the NT’ (Media
Release, 31 August 2009). At http://www.jennymacklin.fahcsia.gov.au/mediareleases/2009/Pages/sihip_31aug09.aspx (viewed 11 May 2010).
[15] The
Hon J Macklin MP, Minister for Families, Housing, Community Services and
Indigenous Affairs, ‘Leases signed in Maningrida, Gunbalanya &
Wadeye’ (Media Release, 10 September 2009). At http://www.jennymacklin.fahcsia.gov.au/mediareleases/2009/Pages/leases_signed_10sept09.aspx (viewed 14 July 2010)
[16] Department of Families,
Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs, Native Title Amendment
Act 2009 - Information sheet
, http://www.facs.gov.au/sa/indigenous/progserv/land/Pages/ammend_act2009_info.aspx (viewed 12 July 2010).
[17] The Hon J Macklin MP,
Minister for Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs,
‘Increasing school attendance and enrolment in Queensland’ (Media
Release, 18 September 2009). At http://www.jennymacklin.fahcsia.gov.au/mediareleases/2009/Pages/jm_m_qldschoolattendance_18september2009.aspx (viewed 11 May 2010).
[18] Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Healing Foundation, Aboriginal and
Torres Strait Islander Healing Foundation,
http://healingfoundation.org.au/?page_id=2 (viewed 18 May 2010).
[19] The
Hon J Macklin MP, Minister for Families, Housing, Community Services and
Indigenous Affairs ‘Indigenous remains to be returned from
Netherlands’ (Media Release, 28 September 2009). At
http://www.jennymacklin.fahcsia.gov.au/mediareleases/2009/Pages/indigen… (viewed
12 July 2010).
[20]Aboriginal and Torres Strait
Islander Healing Foundation, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Healing
Foundation,
http://healingfoundation.org.au/?page_id=2 (viewed 18 May 2010).
[21] National Human Rights Consultation Committee, National Human Rights
Consultation Report
(2009). At http://www.humanrightsconsultation.gov.au/www/nhrcc/nhrcc.nsf/Page/Report (viewed 12 July 2010).
[22See
Transcript of proceedings, Cox v FMG Pilbara Pty Ltd [2009] HCATrans277
(14 October 2009). At http://www.austlii.edu.au/au/other/HCATrans/2009/277.html (viewed
14 October 2010).
[23] See Parliament of Australia, Parlinfo Search, Native Title Amendment Bill (No
2) 2009
, http://parlinfo.aph.gov.au/parlInfo/search/display/display.w3p;query=Id%3A%22legislation%2Fbillhome%2Fr4230%22 (viewed 22 December 2010). The Bill lapsed on 28 September 2010. However
legislation in almost identical form was passed on 25 November 2010 (see Native Title Amendment (No 1) 2010 (Cth)).
[24] The Hon J
Macklin MP, Minister for Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous
Affairs, ‘International Repatriation Advisory Committee appointed’
(Media Release, 23 October 2009). At http://www.jennymacklin.fahcsia.gov.au/mediareleases/2009/Pages/int_repartriation_comm_23oct09.aspx (viewed 11 May 2010).
[25]ABC Online, New office to
hasten remote Indigenous housing
, http://www.abc.net.au/news/stories/2009/10/29/2727185.htm (viewed 23 April
2010).
[26]Australian Bureau of
Statistics, National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Social Survey
2008
(2010). At http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/PrimaryMainFeatures/4720.0?OpenDocument (viewed 23 December 2010).
[27] The Hon R McClelland MP, Attorney-General, ‘Tackling Indigenous Law and
Justice Issues’ (Media Release, 6 November 2009). At http://www.attorneygeneral.gov.au/www/ministers/mcclelland.nsf/Page/MediaReleases_2009_FourthQuarter_6November2009- (viewed 29 April 2010).
[28] M
Cornish, ABC News, CMC recommends new Qld Indigenous policing
arrangements
, http://www.abc.net.au/news/stories/2009/11/20/2748923.htm (viewed 13 May 2010).
[29] Australian Human Rights Commission, ‘New National Congress of
Australia’s First Peoples announced’ (Media Release, 22 November
2009). At http://www.humanrights.gov.au/about/media/media_releases/2009/116_09.html (viewed 15 July 2010).
[30] The
Hon J Macklin MP, Minister for Families, Housing, Community Services and
Indigenous Affairs, ‘Comprehensive consultation on redesigning the
Northern Territory Emergency Response’ (Media Release, 23 November 2009).
At http://www.jennymacklin.fahcsia.gov.au/mediareleases/2009/Pages/jm_m_nterredesign_23november2009.aspx (viewed 4 May 2010).
[31] The Hon
R McClelland MP, Attorney-General, ‘Jabiru Native Title Settlement’
(Media Release, 25 November 2009). At http://www.attorneygeneral.gov.au/www/ministers/mcclelland.nsf/Page/MediaReleases_2009_FourthQuarter_25November2009-JabiruNativeTitleSettlement (viewed 29 April 2010).
[32] Parliament of Australia, Bills of the Current Parliament, http://parlinfo.aph.gov.au/parlInfo/search/display/display.w3p;query=Id:%22legislation/billhome/r4265%22 (viewed 12 July 2010).
[33] Explanatory Memorandum, Social Security and Other Legislation Amendment (Welfare
Reform and Reinstatement of Racial Discrimination Act) Bill 2009 (Cth), outline.
At http://www.comlaw.gov.au/comlaw/legislation/bills1.nsf/framelodgmentattachments/40DF878226ED1626CA25767A0005AFF3 (viewed
21 September 2010).
[34]Tangentyere Council,
‘Tangentyere Welcomes Agreement’ (Media Release, 27 November 2009).
At http://www.tangentyere.org.au/news/ (viewed 14 July 2010).
[35] B
Gleeson, Coordinator General for Remote Indigenous Services, Six Monthly
Report July-November 2009
, Office of the Coordinator General for Remote
Indigenous Services (2009). At http://www.cgris.gov.au/site/letter.asp (27 April 2010).
[36] The Hon K
Rudd MP, Prime Minister and The Hon J Macklin MP, Minister for Families,
Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs, ‘Renegotiation of
National Partnership Agreement on Remote Indigenous Housing’ (Media
Release, 7 December 2009). At http://parlinfo.aph.gov.au/parlInfo/search/display/display.w3p;adv=;db=;group=;holdingType=;id=;orderBy=;page=;query=AuthorId%3APG6%7CReporterId%3APG6%7CSpeakerId%3APG6%20Author_Phrase%3A%22rudd,%20kevin,%20mp%22;querytype=;rec=8;resCount=
(viewed 30 July 2010).
[37] See
National Native Title Tribunal, Agreement begins negotiations, http://www.nntt.gov.au/Native-Title-In-Australia/Western-Australia/Pages/South-west.aspx (viewed 29 September 2010); South West Aboriginal Land and Sea
Council, Negotiations with the West Australia Government, http://www.noongar.org.au/talks-government.php (viewed
29 September 2010).
[38] The Hon J Macklin MP, Minister for Families, Housing, Community Services and
Indigenous Affairs, ‘Maralinga nuclear test site reclaimed after half a
century’ (Media Release, 18 December 2009). At http://www.jennymacklin.fahcsia.gov.au/mediareleases/2009/Pages/maralinga_18dec2009.aspx (viewed 4 May 2010).
[39] Australian Human Rights Commission, ‘Inaugural Ethics Council up and
running’ (Media Release, 4 January 2010). At http://humanrights.gov.au/about/media/media_releases/2010/1_10.html (viewed 20 July 2010).
[40] Wild
Rivers (Environmental Management) Bill 2010 (Cth), proposed section
5.
[41] Commonwealth, Parliamentary Debates, House of Representatives, 8 February 2010, pp
714-715 (The Hon T Abbott MP, Leader of the Opposition). At http://www.aph.gov.au/hansard/reps/dailys/dr080210.pdf (viewed 22 July 2010).
[42] The
Hon K Rudd MP, Prime Minister, ‘More support for Indigenous mums and
bubs’ (Media Release, 11 April 2010). At http://www.pm.gov.au/node/6475 (viewed
21 April 2010).
[43] The Hon K
Rudd MP, Prime Minister, ‘New ambassador for business to help Close the
Gap’ Media Release, 11 February 2010). At http://www.pm.gov.au/node/6479 (viewed
6 May 2010).
[44] The Hon Kevin
Rudd MP, Prime Minister, Closing the Gap – Prime Minister’s
Report
(2010). At http://www.fahcsia.gov.au/sa/indigenous/pubs/general/Pages/closing_the_gap_2010.aspx (viewed 10 November 2010); Australians for Native Title and Reconciliation, Close the Gap Prime Minister's 2010 report to parliament, http://www.antar.org.au/close_the_gap_prime_ministers_2010_report_to_parliament (viewed 19 July 2010).
[45] Close
the Gap Steering Committee for Indigenous Health Equality, Shadow Report on
the Australian Government’s progress towards closing the gap in life
expectancy between Indigenous and non Indigenous Australians
(2010). At http://humanrights.gov.au/social_justice/health/index.html (viewed 23 December 2010).
[46] Department of Health and Aging, ‘New National Coordinator to Tackle
Indigenous Smoking’ (Media Release, 17 February 2010). At http://www.health.gov.au/internet/ministers/publishing.nsf/Content/mr-yr10-ws-ws012.htm (viewed 15 July 2010).
[47] Senate Legal and Constitutional Affairs Legislation Committee, Parliament of
Australia, Native Title Amendment Bill (No 2) 2009 [Provisions] (2010), p
33. At http://www.aph.gov.au/senate/committee/legcon_ctte/nativetitle_two/report/index.htm (viewed 28 July 2010).
[48] Australian Human rights Commission, ‘Recognition in Queensland’s
Constitution another milestone for reconciliation’ (Media Release, 25
February 2010). At http://www.humanrights.gov.au/about/media/media_releases/2010/12_10.html (viewed 24 May 2010).
[49] Australian Institute of
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies, Native Title Newsletter, No 1/2010 (2010), p 15. At http://www.aiatsis.gov.au/ntru/newsletter.html#janfeb10[1].pdf (viewed 15 July 2010).
[50] The
Hon K Rudd MP, Prime Minister, ‘Opening of the National Centre of
Indigenous Excellence’ (Media Release, 26 February 2010). At http://www.pm.gov.au/node/6516 (viewed
23 April 2010).
[51] Aurukun
Shire Council v CEO Office of Liquor Gaming and Racing in the Department of
Treasury
(2010) 237 FLR 369. See also Morton v Queensland Police
Service
(2010) 240 FLR
269.
[52] Office of the United
Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, Australia/Indigenous peoples:
development and self-determination to overcome severe disadvantages
, http://www.ohchr.org/EN/NewsEvents/Pages/DisplayNews.aspx?NewsID=9891&LangID=E (viewed 2 June 2010).
[53] The
Hon J Macklin MP, Minister for Families, Housing, Community Services and
Indigenous Affairs, ‘Stronger voice for Indigenous women’ (Media
Release, 9 March 2010). At http://www.jennymacklin.fahcsia.gov.au/mediareleases/2010/Pages/indigenous_womenvoice_9mar2010.aspx (viewed 10 May 2010).
[54] The
Hon P Garrett MP, Minister for Environment Protection, Heritage and the Arts,
‘Registration opens for Indigenous Australian Art Commercial Code of
Conduct’ (Media Release, 11 March 2010). At http://www.environment.gov.au/minister/garrett/2010/mr20100311a.html (viewed 13 May 2010).
[55] Senate Community Affairs Committee, Social Security and Other Legislation
Amendment (Welfare Reform and Reinstatement of Racial Discrimination Act) Bill
2009 [Provisions], Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs
and Other Legislation Amendment (2009 Measures) Bill 2009 [Provisions] and the
Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs and Other
Legislation Amendment (Restoration of Racial Discrimination Act) Bill 2009,
http://www.aph.gov.au/Senate/committee/clac_ctte/soc_sec_welfare_reform_racial_discrim_09/report/index.htm (viewed 12 July 2010).
[56] The
Hon J Macklin MP, Minister for Families, Housing, Community Services and
Indigenous Affairs, ‘Young Indigenous leaders to study at Oxford’
(Media Release, 16 March 2010). At http://www.jennymacklin.fahcsia.gov.au/mediareleases/2010/Pages/indig_leaders_to_study_at_oxford_16mar2010.aspx (viewed 2 June 2010).
[57] The
Hon J Macklin MP, Minister for Families, Housing, Community Services and
Indigenous Affairs, ‘Further improvements to NT Indigenous housing
program’ (Media Release, 17 March 2009). At http://www.jennymacklin.fahcsia.gov.au/mediareleases/2010/Pages/sihip_pra_17mar10.aspx (viewed 11 May 2010).
[58]Sampi on behalf of the
Bardi and Jawi People v State of Western Australia
[2010] FCAFC 26;
Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies, Native
Title Newsletter
, No 2/2010 (2010), p 9. At http://www.aiatsis.gov.au/ntru/newsletter.htmlMarApr10[1].pdf (viewed 15
July 2010).
[59] Aboriginal
Legal Rights Movement, ‘Stolen Generation Payout Appeal’, Your
Legal Rights:
ALRM Quarterly Newsletter, Edition 21 (2010). At http://www.alrm.org.au/newsletter.php (viewed 14 April 2010).
[60] NAILSMA, ‘Indigenous Water Policy Launch’ (Media Release, 22 March
2010). At http://www.nailsma.org.au/news/indigenous_water_policy_launch.html (viewed 19 July 2010).
[61] Australian Human Rights Commission, ‘New online network launched to
protect Indigenous human rights’ (Media Release, 12 April 2010). At http://www.humanrights.gov.au/about/media/media_releases/2010/31_10.html (viewed 16 April 2010).
[62] The
Hon K Rudd MP, Prime Minister, ‘Historic health reform’ (Media
Release, 20 April 2010). At http://www.pm.gov.au/node/6686 (viewed
2 June 2010).
[63] The Hon K Rudd
MP, Prime Minister, ‘Historic health reform’ (Media Release, 20
April 2010). At http://www.pm.gov.au/node/6686 (viewed
2 June 2010).
[64] The Hon R
McClelland MP, Attorney-General, ‘Australia’s Human Rights
Framework’ (Media Release, 21 April 2010). At http://www.attorneygeneral.gov.au/www/ministers/mcclelland.nsf/Page/MediaReleases_2010_SecondQuarter_21April2010-AustraliasHumanRightsFramework (viewed 21 May 2010).
[65] D
Nason, ‘State to negotiate on Stolen Generations’, The
Australian,
22 April 2010, p 4. At http://www.theaustralian.com.au/politics/state-politics/state-to-negotiate-on-stolen-generations/story-e6frgczx-1225856607813 (viewed 12 July 2010).
[66] The
Hon J Macklin MP, Minister for Families, Housing, Community Services and
Indigenous Affairs, ‘First Australian Indigenous woman elected to the
United Nations Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues’ (Media Release, 30
April 2010). At http://www.jennymacklin.fahcsia.gov.au/mediareleases/2010/Pages/first_australian_indigenous_woman_elected_30apr10.aspx (viewed 10 May 2010).
[67] National Congress of Australia’s First Peoples, ‘New Congress to
Represent Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders’ (Media Release, 2 May
2010). At http://www.humanrights.gov.au/about/media/media_releases/2010/40_10.html (viewed 4 May 2010).
[68] The
Hon J Macklin MP, Minister for Families, Housing, Community Services and
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