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Commemorate Human Rights Day: Activity sheet 2 - rightsED

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Commemorate Human Rights Day - Activity sheet 2

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What rights does the UDHR recognise?

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights is made up of a Preamble, and 30
Articles.

Read

Read the UDHR at http://www.un.org/Overview/rights.html

There are certain principles that were behind the creation of these 30
rights.

Some of these principles relate to civil and political rights which defend
the fundamental right to life, and states that no one can be tortured, enslaved,
arbitrarily imprisoned, made to do forced labour, or be restricted from such
basic freedoms as movement, expression and association. Such principles are
stated in negative terms such as ‘freedom from’ (discrimination,
torture etc).

Other principles relate to economic, social and cultural rights, which assure
people of their rights to basic standards of life. These rights are founded on a
belief that we can enjoy our rights, freedoms and economic justice all at the
same time. Economic, social and cultural rights are often stated in positive
terms such as ‘right to’ (life, education etc).

Class discussion

1. As a class, decide which articles apply to each of the following
principles:

a. Some of the rights are civil and political rights.

Which articles would fit this category?

b. Some of the rights are economic, social and cultural rights.

Which articles would fit this category?

c. Some of the rights are community obligations for the rights to be able to
exist.

Which articles would fit this category?

Activity

The French-Jewish jurist, Renee Cassin, was one of the main authors of the
Declaration. He described the structure of the UDHR in a different way to that
above, he spoke of four pillars supporting a roof.

1. Decide which articles fit into the following categories:

a. One pillar is personal rights – ‘My right to be me’.

Which articles would fit this category?

b. A second pillar is rights that belong to the individual in his/her
relationships with the social group – ‘Don’t interfere with
us’.

Which articles would fit this category?

c. A third pillar is civil liberties and political rights – ‘I
can help decide’.

Which articles would fit this category?

d. A fourth pillar is rights exercised in the economic and social area
– ‘I need care and work’.

Which articles would fit this category?

e. The ‘roof’ that the pillars hold up and which in turn helps to
keep the pillars standing is the right to a social and international order in
which these can all be realised – ‘We all need a roof to hold
together’.

Which articles would fit this category?

2. Sketch your own human rights building below and write key words from the
relevant UDHR articles in the various pillars. An example is shown.

rightsED_Commemorate_HR_Day02.jpg

When you have completed your sketch, form groups of three or four and discuss
why you chose the articles to go in each category. Try and come to a final
decision as a group.

Extension activity

There are many other interesting ways the structure of the UDHR could be
described and presented. Apart from the ‘four pillars supporting a
roof’, how else could you describe the UDHR structure?

In pairs, decide on an alternate structure for the grouping of the UDHR. How
would this structure best be represented (e.g. as a poster or a sculpture)?

Present your ideas to the class.