The Commission can only deal with complaints about breaches of human rights where they are against the Commonwealth (or one of its agencies). Complaints must also be about something that could be a breach of particular international human rights instruments such as:
- the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights;
- the Convention on the Rights of the Child;
- the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities; and
- the Declaration on the Elimination of All Forms of Intolerance and Discrimination Based on Religion or Belief.